Frequent urination should not be ignored as it could point to conditions such as urinary tract infection, diabetes, benign prostatic hyperplasia or other problems related to the prostate. Getting up in the middle of the night to urinate is called nocturia, and in severe cases sufferers may need to get up to relieve themselves five or six times during the night.
Causes of frequent urination
There are several disorders that can cause frequent urination. In addition to diabetes and the other conditions listed above, in rarer cases it could be caused by bladder dysfunction or cancer, as well as some medications. An enlarged prostate and drinking too much before going to bed may cause nocturia.
Diagnosing frequent urination
There are a number of diagnostic tests that your urologist can use to investigate your problem. Often, he will first give you a physical examination, which can include an abdominal, pelvic and/or rectal exam. He might also give you blood tests to determine your renal and thyroid function levels, as well as your plasma levels. Urine analysis will help establish if you have urinary tract infection or if you might be suffering from hyperthyroidism or diabetes.
Management of frequent urination is often dependent on the cause. Antibiotics and other medications may be prescribed to help alleviate the symptoms and discomfort. The best way to cure the problem is with treatment of the cause. A treatment plan will be determined based on the individual needs and circumstances of the patient.
If you have urinary symptoms such as frequent urination you should see a doctor or urologist straight away as this could be indicative of a more serious problem that requires medical attention.
It is not always possible to avoid your symptoms, but there are some lifestyle changes you can make that will help reduce your chances of developing a serious medical condition. Examples of these are:
- Do not smoke
- Avoid excess caffeine or alcohol
- Stay away from diuretics
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Do moderate physical activity