Hernia is one of the most common conditions that require surgical treatment. Hernia occurs when an organ protrudes through an opening in the tissue that holds it in place. Hernia surgery helps to relieve the pain and to return the herniated organ to its place.
Types of hernia:
- Inguinal (inner groin) hernia
- Incisional (resulting from an incision) hernia
- Femoral (outer groin) hernia
- Umbilical (belly button) hernia
- Hiatal (upper stomach) hernia.
Hernia repair surgery is very similar to other laparoscopic surgical procedures. The patient is completely anesthetized, and a small incision is made in the area under the navel or in the navel itself. The carbon dioxide is then introduced into the abdominal cavity until it swells, allowing the doctor to better see the internal organs in the abdominal cavity.
Through a small incision, a microscopic device with a lamp at itstip, called a laparoscope, will be inserted, and a device that will be used to repair the hernia is inserted through another incision located in the lower abdomen. Also, the abdominal wall is reinforced and strengthened by a mesh-shaped compression belt.
Hernia repair is not suitable for:
- Those who suffer from a trapped inguinal hernia.
- Patients who cannotbe put undergeneral anesthesia.
- Patients with hemorrhagic disorders such as hemophilia or idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP).
- Patients who take anticoagulants or blood thinners.
- Patients who underwent several abdominal surgeries.
- Patients who suffer from a difficult lung disease such as emphysema. Carbon dioxide, which is used to inflate the abdominal cavity, can lead to breathing disorders.
- Pregnant women.
- Obese or overweight people.
After hernia repair surgery, the patient can go home the same day. Swelling may begin 1-4 days after surgery and will go away within 1-2 weeks. Gentle exercise can help reducing recovery time, but the patient should avoid heavy lifting or exhausting activities for 4-6 weeks after the surgery.