What are Movement Disorders?
There are many types of movement disorders and treatment will depend on your diagnosis. Our specialists will work with you to determine the best course of action. Examples of movement disorders are:
Ataxia is a degenerative disorder affecting the spinal cord, brain or brain stem. Ataxia suffers lack muscle control, which can cause poor balance and coordination, and possibly a disturbance in their gait. Ataxia can affect any part of the body such as limbs, fingers, speech, body, or even eye movements.
Dystonia is a neurological muscle disorder with a variety of manifestations. The underlying problem is that the main muscles needed for a movement are over-active; muscles not needed for movement are activated; and the simultaneous activation of muscles that work against each other.
Essential tremor is trembling or uncontrolled shaking, usually of one or both arms or hands, that worsens when you attempt basic movements like eating, drinking or writing. It is a progressive, often-inherited disorder that usually manifests in later adulthood.
Parkinson’s disease is a progressive disorder caused by the degeneration of nerve cells in the substantia nigra – that part of the brain that controls movement. These nerve cells become impaired or die, losing their ability to produce dopamine. Common Parkinson’s symptoms include muscle rigidity or stiffness of the limbs; tremors; gradual loss of spontaneous movement, often leading to decreased mental skill or reaction time, gradual loss of automatic movement, often leading to voice changes or decreased blinking or facial expressions; drooling or a decreased frequency of swallowing; a stooped, flexed posture, with bending at the knees, hips and elbows; unsteady balance; and dementia or depression.
Atypical Parkinsonisms can produce symptoms similar to those of Parkinson’s, but that do not respond to typical Parkinson’s disease medication.