Anthropometric Measurements & Tools
BMI: In metric terms, your Body Mass Index is your weight (in kilograms) divided by the square of your height (in meters). For example if you are 1.7m tall and weigh 60kg, your BMI would be 60 / (2.89) = 20.77, which would put you in the normal weight category (18.5 to 24.9). According to this scale, anything under 18.5 is underweight, while a score of 25-29.9 is overweight, and obese is a score of 30 or above. While your BMI can give an indication of where you fit on the underweight-to-obese scale, it is problematic as it doesn’t take body composition into account, for example, how much of you weight is bone, fat, muscle, etc. It also ignores race and sex differences.
Waist-hip ratio: This is your waist measurement divided by your hip measurement. This measurement is also used as an indication of health risks since abdominal weight (fat distribution) is linked to some serious health conditions, such as diabetes. The US National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases classifies a waist-hip ratio above 0.8 (women) or 1 (men) as putting someone at increased health risk.
Body composition analyzers (BCA): As it is not just the amount of body fat but also the distribution of it that has been linked to increased health risks, BCA is a useful tool since it provides a thorough breakdown of body composition, as well as other readings such as metabolic rate and exact body measurements.
The Health Risks of Obesity
While being overweight or obese does not necessarily mean you will develop any of the following health conditions, your risk for getting them could be increased.
- Hypertension (high blood pressure)
- Heart disease and stroke
- Gall stones and gallbladder disease
- Certain cancers
- Breathing problems such as asthma and sleep apnea
Both your weight and where it is distributed in your body can have an effect on your health. If you are worried about your weight, our nutritionists can give you more detail on your body composition, and advise if you need to lose weight. If you do, they will create a personalized healthy diet plan for achieving sustainable weight loss.