Carpal tunnel syndrome is caused by pressure on the median nerve in your wrist. This nerve controls feeling and movement in parts of your hand and runs from your forearm, through a small space called the carpal tunnel, to your hand. If anything, such as swelling, narrows the tunnel and puts pressure on the nerve, you will experience symptoms such as pain, tingling, numbness or weakness in your hand, or less often, the forearm. This pressure could be the result of many factors, including repetitive movements of the hand or wrist, pregnancy or diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes and hyperthyroidism.
Mild symptoms can usually be treated at home, for example by applying ice and avoiding activities causing the pain. However, if your symptoms are more severe, you will need to see a doctor. The sooner you start treatment, the better to avoid long-term nerve damage.
To diagnose you, our specialists will give you a physical exam, and may order tests such as blood and nerve tests. In addition to medicine to treat the symptoms, there is a range of complementary therapies, such as physical therapy or ultrasound, that can help. If your symptoms don’t improve and are severe or interfering with your daily life, or if it is found you have nerve damage, surgery might be the answer.