Laparoscopic oophorectomy is a surgical procedure in which one (unilateral oophorectomy) or both (bilateral oophorectomy) of your ovaries are removed. The fallopian tube is sometimes removed with the ovaries in a procedure called a salpingo-oophorectomy. An oophorectomy can also be performed as part of a uterine removal procedure (hysterectomy).
The ovaries are female organs of reproduction that create hormones responsible for regulating the menstrual cycle. They reside on either side of the uterus and produce eggs that travel through the fallopian tubes.
An oophorectomy may be performed for various reasons, including:
- Having a family history of ovarian cancer.
- Endometriosis: a condition in which the lining of the uterus, endometrium, grows outside your uterus.
- Removing ovarian cysts or noncancerous tumors.
- Ovarian torsion (the twisting of an ovary).
What are the reasons for having a laparoscopic oophorectomy?
The most common reason for an oophorectomy is an ovarian cyst. It’s also used to correct issues like a twisted ovary and to eliminate the danger of getting ovarian cancer.
How do I prepare for a laparoscopic oophorectomy?
During the consultation, our gynecologist will review your medical history and symptoms, and they may request an ultrasound or a blood test to get an accurate diagnosis. Once they decide that oophorectomy is the right option, they will give you some instructions, including avoiding taking certain medications and fasting for a few hours before your procedure.
What happens during a laparoscopic oophorectomy?
The laparoscopic procedure is performed under general anesthesia and takes around 30 minutes.
Our gynecologist will make several small incisions in your abdomen and insert a laparoscope and surgical instruments through the incisions to operate. They will detach the ovary from the blood supply and surrounding tissue before removing it through one of the incisions.
What should I expect after a laparoscopic oophorectomy?
After oophorectomy, most patients can go home on the same day and need to rest only for 1 or 2 days. It may take 2 to 4 weeks before you can resume your usual activities, but this may vary based on different factors, including your age, overall health, and whether one or both ovaries were removed.
For a few days after surgery, you may experience pain in your stomach and changes in your bowel movements. Our gynecologist will prescribe medications to help you manage any discomfort
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