Septic arthritis, also known as infectious arthritis, occurs when an infection reaches one or more of your joints, resulting in pain and inflammation. Inflammation can be found on the surface of the cartilage that lines your joints and the synovial fluid that lubricates them.
Septic arthritis usually affects large joints like the hip and knee or smaller joints like the shoulder and ankle due to bacterial, viral, or fungal infection. This condition is more common in young children and elderly adults and can lead to cartilage and bone damage in the joint if not treated immediately.
What are the causes of septic arthritis?
- An infected wound or a joint injury (such as from a puncture wound or an animal bite)
- A drug injection into or near a joint
- A complication from joint replacement surgery (such as hip replacement surgery)
- An infectious disease such as gonorrhea and tuberculosis
- Bacteria named staphylococcus and streptococcus
- Viruses such as HIV and Hepatitis A, B, and C
- A medical condition that affects the joints (such as osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis)
How is septic arthritis treated?
Treatment options for septic arthritis include:
– Joint fluid drainage: The doctor may drain the infected fluid with a needle put into the joint space.
– Antibiotics: The doctor may prescribe antibiotics to prevent the disease from spreading and get rid of the infection causing your condition. Antibiotics are given intravenously at first and may be given orally later. This treatment option usually lasts four to six weeks.
– Physiotherapy: Our physiotherapist may teach you exercises that will help restore joint function and prevent the muscles surrounding your joint from deteriorating.
– Removal of the artificial joint: If your artificial joint becomes infected, it will be replaced with a joint spacer (an antibiotic cement), and a new replacement joint will be placed months later. Antibiotics will be given intravenously and then orally for several months to prevent the infection from returning.
Schedule your appointment at Novomed today!
If you have symptoms of septic arthritis, make an appointment with our expert rheumatologist in Dubai today by calling toll-free 8006686 or clicking the live chat icon at the bottom of the screen.