Our endocrinology and diabetes specialist Dr Bashar El-Sharabi deals with disorders of glands and their hormones. He will take a holistic approach in helping to tailor a treatment plan to suit you and your lifestyle. Whatever condition you are facing, our care teams have a plan to help you regain your quality of life.
- Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2, and gestational diabetes)
- Thyroid gland disorders including hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, goitres, thyroid nodules
- Obesity (simple and endocrine obesity)
- Hirsutism (excess hair growth in women, with or without irregular menses)
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Pituitary gland disorders
- Adrenal gland disorders
- Vitamin D deficiency
- Calcium disorders
- Short stature in children
- Delayed and early puberty
- Endocrine hypertension
- Male hypogonadism (male sexual dysfunction)
- Menopause and perimenopause
The endocrine system is the group of glands that produce and secrete hormones to regulate the body’s growth and development, metabolism, reproduction, sexual function, tissue function, sleep, mood, and so on. The endocrine glands include:
- The adrenal glands secrete hormones like cortisol (to regulate your metabolism and control your body’s response to stress) and adrenaline (to help you react to stress).
- The hypothalamus maintains homeostasis (the body’s internal balance) and serves as the link between the endocrine and nervous systems.
- The pancreas has islet cells cells to control the secretion of insulin and glucagon.
- The ovaries produce sex hormones, notably estrogen and progesterone, which are essential to normal reproductive development and fertility.
- The parathyroid controls the body’s calcium and plays a role in bone development.
- The pineal gland synthesizes and secretes melatonin, which is linked to sleep patterns and the regulation of reproductive hormones.
- The pituitary is often referred to as the ‘master gland’ because it influences many other glands, especially the thyroid.
- The testes produce sperm and sex hormones.
- The thymus helps develop the body’s immune system early in life.
- The thyroid regulates the body’s vital functions and controls metabolism.
Broadly speaking, gland-related disorders fall into two categories:
- The gland secretes too much or too little of a hormone
- The gland has benign or malignant tumors
Well-known endocrine disorders include:
Diabetes mellitus (including type 1, type 2 and gestational) is the most common endocrine disorder and caused by the body not producing enough of the hormone insulin, or the body being resistant to insulin, or both.
Hyperthyroidism, where too much of the thyroid hormone is produced, can lead to increased heart rate, weight loss, sweating, and nervousness. The most common cause is Grave’s disease, an autoimmune disorder.
Hypothyroidism, where too little of the thyroid hormone is produced, can lead to depression, constipation, fatigue and dry skin. In children, an underactive gland can result in delayed development.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a major cause of infertility, is often linked to overproduction of androgen hormones. This interferes with the development and release of a woman’s eggs.
Common symptoms among the different endocrine disorders are weakness and fatigue, occurring alongside disease-specific symptoms.
In addition to taking a thorough look at your symptoms and medical history, our endocrinologists have a variety of tests at their disposal to assist in your diagnosis. To check your hormone levels, they can do blood and/or urine tests, or if there is a suspected tumor, imaging tests will be done.