Our Locations
Novomed – Dubai Marina
Address: 30th Floor, Marina Plaza, Dubai
Novomed – Jumeirah1
Address: Street 10c, Villa 41, Jumeirah 1, Behind Jumeirah Plaza, Dubai
Novomed – Al Ain
Address: Building 47, Towayya al ragayeb Mohammed Ibn Zayed Al Awwal Street
Novomed – Umm Suqeim
Address: Villa no: 805 Jumeirah St - Umm Suqeim 3 - Dubai
Novomed Surgical Hospital
Address: 88, 26th Street, Opposite to King's School - Al Wasl Rd - Dubai
Novomed DHCC – Dubai
Address: DHCC Office No.3013, Block C/D, Al Razi Building 64 Dubai Healthcare City - Dubai
Novomed Al Bateen – Abu Dhabi
Address: 312 King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz Al Saud St - Abu Dhabi
Novomed Plastic Surgery Hospital – Abu Dhabi
Address: Zone 1 - Abu Dhabi
Novomed – Mental Health – Dubai Marina
Address: 25th Floor, Marina Plaza, Dubai Marina, Dubai

Ovarian Cancer Treatment in Dubai, Abu Dhabi and Al Ain

Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the ovaries. The ovaries, which are the size of an almond each, produce eggs, in addition to the estrogen and progesterone hormones.

Ovarian Cancer often goes undetected until after it has spread to the pelvis and abdomen. At this late stage, ovarian cancer becomes more difficult to treat. While treatment is more successful when the cancer is in the early stage, that is, when the disease is confined to the ovary.

Surgery and chemotherapy are generally used to treat ovarian cancer.

Symptoms

Ovarian cancer rarely causes any symptoms in the early stage. Ovarian cancer in its early stages may produce few and unspecified symptoms, often confusing it with more common benign conditions.

Signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer may include:

  • Abdominal swelling or bloating
  • Feeling full quickly when eating
  • Weight loss
  • Discomfort in the pelvic area
  • Bowel movement changes
  • Persistent urge to urinate

If you have a family history of ovarian or breast cancer, talk to your doctor about the risk of ovarian cancer. Your doctor may refer you to a genetic pathologist to test for certain genetic mutations that increase your risk of breast or ovarian cancer.

Causes

The cause of ovarian cancer is unclear, although doctors can determine the factors that may increase the risk of disease.

In general, cancer begins when cells develop mutations in their DNA. These mutations instruct cells to grow and multiply rapidly, creating a tumor of abnormal cells. Abnormal cells continue to live while healthy cells die. They can invade nearby tissues and separate from the primary tumor to spread elsewhere in the body.

Types of ovarian cancer

The type of cell in which cancer begins determines the type of ovarian cancer you have. Ovarian cancer types include:

  • Epithelial tumors

which start in the thin part of the tissue that covers the outer part of the ovaries. About 90 percent of ovarian cancer is caused by epithelial tumors.

  • Stromal tumors

which start in the ovarian tissue that contains hormone-producing cells. These tumors are usually diagnosed at an earlier stage than other ovarian tumors.

  • Germ cell tumors

which start in the egg-producing cells. This rare type of ovarian cancer occurs most often in younger women.

Risk factor
  • Old age. Ovarian cancer may occur at any age but is more common in women between 50 and 60 years old.
  • Inherited genetic mutations. A small percentage of ovarian cancer cases are caused by genetic mutations inherited from parents. Genes known to increase the risk of ovarian cancer are known as the Breast Cancer Gene 1 (BRCA1) and the Breast Cancer Gene 2 (BRCA2).
  • Family history of ovarian cancer. The risk of developing the disease increases in individuals who have two or more close relatives with ovarian cancer.
  • Estrogen replacement therapy, especially with long-term use and in large doses.
  • Age when menstruation begins and ends. Beginning menstruation at an early age or beginning menopause at a later age or both, may increase your risk of ovarian cancer.
Diagnosis

Tests and procedures used to diagnose ovarian cancer include:

  • Pelvic test. While examining the pelvis, the doctor inserts gloved fingers inside the vagina and simultaneously presses the other hand on the abdomen to feel your pelvic organs. The doctor also visually examines the external genitalia, vagina and cervix.
  • Imaging tests. Tests, such as ultrasound or CT scans, can help determine the size, shape, and anatomy of the ovaries.
  • Blood tests. Blood tests may include organ function tests, which can help in determining an overall health condition.
  • Sometimes the doctor may not be certain about the diagnosis until the patient undergoes surgery to remove the ovary and examine it for signs of cancer.

Once ovarian cancer is confirmed, the doctor uses the information from tests and procedures to determine the stage of cancer. The ovarian cancer stages range from 1 to 4, where the lower stages indicate that the cancer is confined to the ovaries. Reaching the fourth stage indicates that cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

Surgical treatment

Operations to remove ovarian cancer include:

  • Surgery to remove one ovary. For very early-stage cancer which spread has not exceeded one ovary, surgery may include removing the affected ovary and its fallopian tube. This process can maintain your ability to have children.
  • Surgery to remove both ovaries. If cancer is detected in both ovaries, but there are no signs of other cancer, the surgeon may remove both ovaries and the fallopian tubes. This procedure keeps your uterus, so you may still be able to conceive using embryos, frozen eggs, or donated eggs.
  • Surgery to remove the ovaries and uterus. If your cancer is more severe or if you do not want to maintain your ability to have children, the surgeon will remove the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, nearby lymph nodes and a fold of fatty abdominal tissue.
  • Surgery to treat advanced-stage cancer. If your cancer is in an advanced stage, your doctor may recommend that you undergo chemotherapy followed by surgery to remove as much cancer as possible.
Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a drug treatment that uses chemicals to kill rapidly growing cells in the body, including cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs can be injected into the veins or taken orally. Sometimes medications are injected directly into the abdomen (intraperitoneal chemotherapy).

Chemotherapy is often used after surgery to kill any cancerous cells that may remain after surgery. It can also be used before surgery.

Supportive (palliative) care

Palliative Care is specialized medical care that focuses on providing relief from pain and other symptoms of a serious illness. Palliative Care Professionals work with you, your family, and other doctors to provide an additional level of support to complement your ongoing treatment.

Palliative Care teams aim to improve the quality of life for people with cancer and their families. This type of care is provided along with curative treatment or other treatments that you may receive.

Request an Appointment Now
Fill in your details below and we will contact you to confirm.
    • MM slash DD slash YYYY