Acute kidney failure, also known as acute kidney injury (AKI), occurs when your kidneys suddenly quit working for hours or days. A loss of kidney function that occurs over a long period and worsens with time is called chronic kidney failure.
AKI causes an accumulation of waste in the blood, which makes it difficult for the kidneys to maintain the proper fluid balance in the body and can affect the brain, heart and lungs. It is not necessarily fatal if you seek medical help right away and don’t have any other major health problems.
What are the symptoms of acute kidney failure?
There may be no symptoms in some cases of AKI, and it may be discovered while performing another lab test.
AKI symptoms vary depending on the severity and cause of your kidney failure and include:
- Shortness of breath
- Peeing less than usual
- Swelling of the legs, ankles, or hands.
- Chest pain or pressure
What are the causes of acute kidney failure?
There are three causes of acute kidney failure:
1- Having a condition or something that restricts blood flow to the kidneys, such as:
- Blood or fluid loss
- Pain medications (such as aspirin and Ibuprofen)
- Severe cases of burns or allergic reactions
- Blood pressure medications
- Heart or liver failure
2- You have a condition that blocks the passage of urine out of your kidneys, such as:
- Bladder, prostate, or cervical cancer
- An enlarged prostate
- Blood clots in the urinary tract
- Kidney stones
- Damage to the nerves that control your bladder
3- You have a condition that has caused damage to your kidneys, such as:
- Certain medications (such as chemotherapy and antibiotics)
- Cholesterol deposits buildup
- Autoimmune disorder (such as lupus)
- Glomerulonephritis (inflammation of the kidney filters)
- Vasculitis (inflammation of the blood vessels)
- Multiple myeloma (a type of blood cancer)
How is acute kidney failure diagnosed?
During your consultation, the urologist will go over your medical history and perform a physical examination. They may request imaging tests such as an ultrasound or a CT scan to check for kidney enlargement or blood or urine flow blockage.
The doctor may order blood tests to measure your urea and creatinine levels, which are chemicals used to assess kidney function. They may also measure your urine output to see how much you urinate each day or take a urine sample to check for any abnormalities in your urine.
The doctor may recommend a kidney biopsy, which involves taking a sample of kidney tissue by inserting a needle into your kidney to examine it and see if your kidneys are damaged.
How is acute kidney failure treated?
Your kidneys may heal without treatment if there are no other problems. If there is an underlying problem causing your condition, the doctor will treat the source of your kidney injury.
Treatment options to help your kidneys recover and prevent complications include:
- Diet: You will need to prevent toxins from building up in the kidneys by following a high-carbohydrate, low-protein, low-salt, and low-potassium diet.
- Medications: The doctor may prescribe antibiotics to treat or prevent infections or diuretics to help your kidneys remove excess fluid in your blood. They may also prescribe medications to raise your calcium levels if they are too low or control your potassium levels if your kidneys are not filtering potassium from your blood adequately.
- Dialysis: For severe cases of kidney damage, dialysis may be required to eliminate toxins from your body. A machine is used to pump blood out of your body and filter it through an artificial kidney, allowing clean blood to return to your body.
Schedule your appointment at Novomed today
If you have symptoms of acute kidney failure, make an appointment today with one of our expert urologists in Dubai or Al Ain by calling toll-free 8006686 or clicking the live chat icon at the bottom of the screen.