Hand and wrist injuries are very common due to the frequent strain on their small, intricate components.
In most cases, it’s possible to manage hand and wrist pain at home by getting rest, applying ice packs, and taking over-the-counter medications. However, if swelling, bruising, or pain persists for more than a couple of days, you should consult an orthopedic specialist to identify the underlying cause and receive the appropriate treatment.
During your consultation, the doctor will review your medical history and symptoms, examine your hand and wrist and test their range of motion, sensation, and strength to identify the cause of the pain. They may also use X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs to get an accurate diagnosis of your condition and determine the best treatment approach.
What are the common causes of hand or wrist pain?
Inflammation, nerve damage, repetitive motion and strain, sprains or fractures, and chronic health conditions can cause pain in different areas of the skeletal structure of the hand and wrist, including bones, joints, soft tissue, tendons, and nerves.
Some of the most frequent disorders affecting the wrist and hand include:
Carpal tunnel syndrome
It is one of the main causes of hand or wrist pain and is common in people who use computers for long hours. The exact cause of carpal tunnel syndrome is still unclear, but it is believed to be related to pressure on a nerve in the wrist called the median nerve, and it worsens with increased strain on the fingers, hands, and wrists.
Pain can subside on its own, but sometimes surgery is required to relieve strain on the nerve. The surgery involves splitting the carpal tunnel ligament under local anesthesia.
This condition affects the wrist tendons and causes discomfort around the wrist and at the base of the thumb.
Rest usually relieves pain, and taking an NSAID can help. Steroid injections or splints may be beneficial if the pain is not improving.
This condition occurs when one of your fingers gets stuck in a bent position. The affected finger could swell and cause discomfort.
Non-surgical treatments, including injections, medications, and splints can help relieve discomfort and improve the conditions. If this condition doesn’t improve, you may need surgery to release the pressure on the tendon causing pain and stiffness.
This condition is the most prevalent type of arthritis and can affect the joints at the tips of the fingers and the base of the thumb. Osteoarthritis can cause stiffness and pain in the hands and wrists and make it difficult to move them.
Painkillers, braces, hand therapy, and cortisone shots can help improve the condition; however, if non-surgical treatments didn’t help, you may need either a joint fusion or joint replacement surgery.
This condition is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease that affects hand joints and impairs their functions. Pain relievers, NSAIDs, and steroids can help reduce pain and prevent joint deterioration; however, surgical intervention including tendon repair, joint infusion, or joint replacement may be needed in advanced cases to reduce pain and improve mobility.
Dupuytren’s contracture disease
This condition is characterized by an abnormal thickening of skin tissue at the base of the fingers causing hard lumps that can eventually pull one or more fingers into a bent position.
To treat this condition, the surgeon makes an incision and removes the tissue cords restricting the movement of the fingers to help patients move their fingers more freely.
This condition is characterized by a succession of small tears in the tissue surrounding the tendon, causing tendon pain, joint stiffness, and restricted movement.
Rest, physical therapy, and corticosteroid injections can usually improve the symptoms, but surgery may be needed to remove the damaged tissue and allow the tendon to heal.
What happens after hand and wrist surgery?
Recovery after hand and wrist surgery can take up to six to eight weeks based on the condition, injury severity, and the type of surgery.
The following tips can help support the recovery after hand or wrist surgery:
- Follow your surgeon’s post-surgery recommendations
- Move your fingers and do hand exercises to prevent stiffness.
- Apply ice packs to reduce inflammation following surgery.
Our orthopedic consultants at Novomed are keen to find the cause of your hand or wrist pain and tailor a treatment plan to provide you with optimal results.
We believe that surgery should be the last resort of treatment, which is why our doctors will try to relieve your pain with physical therapy, medication, splints, or other non-invasive treatments before recommending surgery.
Schedule your appointment at Novomed today!
If you are experiencing hand or wrist pain, make an appointment with one of our highly qualified orthoepic doctors in Dubai and Al Ain to learn more about your condition and treatment options.
Book your consultation today by calling toll-free 8006686, filling out the booking form, or clicking the live chat icon at the bottom of the screen.